Document Type : Original Article
Political Science, Shahreza Branch of Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Shahreza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Shahreza Branch , Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Understanding the relationship between the concepts of government and nation is a very important issue in political science, in general, it can be said that in a general category, this relationship is formed in two basic ways. The form of government is democratic and the authoritarian and authoritarian type of government. The Islamic Republic of Iran, however, is a government that claims to pay attention to the basic rules of Islam. Create Islam. The present article uses a qualitative and interpretive method and according to the rules of Islam and using Islamic texts and principles and four sources of Shiite jurisprudence including the Qur'an, the Sunnah of the Prophet, consensus and reason within the Shiite religion to examine the relationship between government and nation. The results show that Shiite jurisprudence considers the concept of ummah instead of the nation, that the ummah accepts this Imam and the legitimacy of the Imam is from God. The standard government in Islam is from top to bottom and there is a methodical democracy and council and consultation with the ummah. Which ultimately shows that a purposeful and ideal relationship between the state and the nation ultimately leads to the achievement of a Resistive Economy.