Study the Barriers of Green Supply Chain Management Implementation in Iranian Industries Using Analytic Hierarchy Process

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Sirjan, Iran.

3 Tourism Planning, Allame Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.


Today’s international business environment has forced many firms to focus on supply chain management to gain a competitive advantage. With the growing worldwide awareness of environmental protection and the corresponding increase in legislation and regulations, green supply chain management (GSCM) has become an important issue for companies to gain environmental sustainability. Manufacturing industries started adopting the green concept in their supply chain management recently to focus on environmental issues. But, industries still struggle to identify barriers hindering green supply chain management implementation. Now, many companies have begun to implement GSCM to consider environmental issues and the measurement of their suppliers’ environmental performance. The GSCM literature has focused on helping suppliers improve their environmental performance by asking them to acquire certifications or implement green practices and have emerged as a way for firms to achieve profit and market share objectives by lowering environmental impacts and increasing ecological efficiency. This work focuses on identifying barriers to the implementation of GSCM in Iranian industries. A total of 20 barriers were identified, both through detailed literature and discussion with industrial experts. Essential barriers/priorities are identified through recourse to analytic hierarchy process (AHP).


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