Take a Look at the Environmental Education in an Electronic Form from the Perspective of Miller Approaches to Curriculum

Document Type : Original Article


1 Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Engineering Natural Resources - Forest Ecology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


One of the main ways to recognize the importance of environmental issues and natural resources and ways to preserve and restore them is to reflect them in the textbooks. Indeed curriculum is a means to implementation of environment educations so that students can develop their concepts and environmental perceptions and through this understanding communicate with their daily life and since all aspects of the environment are associated with each other, obtain a knowledge and understanding. This study aims to look at the role of environmental education in an electronic form from the perspective of different approaches of curriculum taken in Iran. In this study, data have been analyzed in a review, qualitative, interpretation and based on available documents. The theoretical framework of this study is based on the views and beliefs that show the positive role of e-learning methods in the field of environment from the perspective of different approaches to the curriculum. The curriculum has approaches that miller placed them in the continuum of behavioral to meta-individual approaches. That is the various approaches in which different approaches based on philosophical and historical foundations, different ways of interacting components of outlined program and the planners for the way of teaching accompanied with the goals, content, teacher, learner   evaluation methods, physical environment, timing and rules and regulations draw specific strategies. The results showed that however, in approaches such as behavioral or disciplinary subject, the main focus of the program is based on the topics to develop knowledge or skills. In humanistic and meta-individual approaches the emphasis is on self-actualization and transcendence and spirituality. Accordingly the use of new technology and training in an electronic form is different in the various approaches while some educational experts emphasize development of this type of training, particularly in the environment and they review amount of attention to this type of training as the best way to institutionalize positive habits for learning  and having a positive attitude toward the environment they know. While some others only insist on face to face communications of teacher and learner، teaching activities of direct learning for environmental education.


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