Assessing the Impact of ICT on the Quality of the Environment in Iran and the Countries of the Persian Gulf

Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resource, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Mazandaran, Iran.

3 Education Management, Faculty of Management, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran.


In recent decades, information and communication technology (ICT) have created massive social and economic  changes in all spheres. ICT impacts on the environment can be of different dimensions. So that it can be expected that the use of technology can have a positive effect on the environment or vice versa and can have a devastating impact on environmental sustainability. Therefore, this study attempts to assess effects of ICT on quality of the environment in Iran and 7 countries in the Persian Gulf area in the period 2005 to 2012, using panel data methods. The results show that telephone lines as ICT indicators have negative and significant effect, GDP per capita variable positive effect and concentration of population and GDP per capita squared had negative effects on quality of the environment. Also it should be noted, the obtained results have approved the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis.


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