Examining the Effects of R&D and Human Capital on Export of Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Education Management, Faculty of Management, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran.

3 Department of Economics, College of Economics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.


Export for any country as the driving force of the economy, is a factor for progress and has many advantages. Export also acts as a channel for technology transfer and knowledge to differentiate products and improve product design ideas. This is an important economic factor, which provides opportunities for the exploitation of successful researches, and increases the incentives for investment in R&D and encourages technical innovation and the development of markets. For this purpose, this study tries to investigate the effects of R&D and human capital on export of Iran in the 1975-2012 period using OLS methods. The results show that R&D has a significant and positive effect on export, so by 1 percent increase of R&D, export increased 0/33 percent. Also, human capital has a positive impact on export. It can be said that by 1 percent increase in the human capital, export increased 0/58 percent.


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