The Concept of Jihad in the Neo-Salafist Doctrine with an Emphasis on Economic Jihad: A Review

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student of political science , Islamic Azad University, Chalous Branch, Chalous, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran


This study provides a review on the notion of Jihad in Neo-Salafist philosophy with an emphasis on economic Jihad. In specific, this research seeks to answer the question as to how the economic structure of the institutions derived from the Neo-Salafist doctrine has been shaped. This is an applied research conducted following a descriptive, analytical design and with a qualitative content. The findings suggest that the role of the component Jihad as the most important practical principle was very prominent in the appearance of the Neo-Salafist movement, giving rise to a different kind of economic Jihad. In sum, the evolvement in the notion of Jihad has provided the ground for increasing violence both in Muslim and non-Muslim communities and has led to outbreak of major crises such as increased regional conflicts and probability of a war on International scale, political instability, growing power of the Takfiri terrorist groups, and secessionism in the region. Indeed, the Takfiri groups, as a product of the Neo-Salafist current, by developing the concept of Jihad, have derived a kind of economic Jihad based on which their economic structure is defined by exploitating such resources as oil export, issue of banknotes and passport, and extortion from European companies. This study gives impor


Ali, A. J., & Camp, R. C. (2004). The Middle East Conflict: Perpetual Jihad. Public Administration and Management: An Interactive Journal, 9(1).
Aaron Y. Zelin,(2018) ‘The Islamic State’s Model’, The Washington Post, 28 January 2015, 01/28/the-islamic-states-model/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.c7636fe93ebc, accessed 17 November 2018.
Hamidi, S & Zanganeh, P (2017). Genealogy of Anti-Foreign Sentiments of Extremist Takfiri Groups. Strategic Research in Politics. 7 (6): 23, 161-184.
ISIS became the Richest Terrorist Group in the World (2015). Website of Entekhab News Agency (12 July 2014) at:…
ISIS Exported Oil (2015). Website of Entekhab News Agency (5 July 2014) at:…
ISIS Coins Were Minted - Only Gold and Silver. Images and Price (2014). Website of Iranian News Network (14 November 2014) at:
Muhammad, N.(2015).-ur Din al-Albani, quoted in Jacob Olidort, ‘The Politics of “Quietist” Salafism’ (analysis paper 18 , Brookings Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World, Washington, DC, February 2015),, 16.
Muhammed, A, (2014) “Jihad in Syria: Fallacies of ISIS” RSIS Commentaries no. 194, Nynang Technologies University, Retrieved on 19.12.2014 from
Recep, T., Gürler and Ömer B.Ö (2018) “From Al-Qaeda to Post-Qaeda: The Evolution of ISIS” Turkish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies v.1, i.1,138.
Robbins, T. (1990). Skinny legs and all. New York: Bantam Books.
Shahin, E. (2014). "Salafīyah". The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford Islamic Studies Online.
Shultz, R. H. (2008). Global Insurgency Strategy and the Salafi Jihad Movement (USAF Institute for National Security Studies.‏66 (1).
Payment of Bribe by the French Factory to ISIS (2014). Website of Mehr News Agency (23 September 2017) at:
Weiss, M., & Hassan, H. (2016). ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror (updated edition). Simon and Schuster.
Widhiyoga, G. (2017) Understanding the Umma as an Islamic Global Society, Durham theses, Durham University. Available at Durham E-Theses Online:
Zimmerman, K. (2017). America's real enemy: The Salafi-Jihadi movement. AEI Paper & Studies, COV4.‏