Document Type : Original Article
Professor, Department of Occupational Safety and Health, occupational health research centre, Iran University Medical Science (IUMS), Tehran, Iran.
MSc, Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Iran University Medical Science (IUMS), Tehran, Iran.
Air pollution as a principle challenge of today international societies is at the centre of attentions. In particular, Direct and indirect effects of air pollution on various aspects of human life, health and welfare being, and its surrounded environment causes to Countries and authorities in worldwide seek for suitable methods of engineering and management to solve it. In this study, we will show the necessity and importance of pollution prevention from sustainable environmental economics aspect. Where, Modern technologies are increasing daily to control pollutants emitted by stationary and mobile sources, the key role of economy as an important element in apply of various solutions, technologies and more important, in decision making process is being highlighted. As, most of the new technologies in spite of high efficiency are facing some problem in application just because of cost issues. Human health and welfare is depended on its surrounding environment. Labour force of a society and so, its productivity, is a key development index of that society. It has been found from studies that worker productivity is affected by air pollution, even at lower concentration of threshold values. By considering pollution prevention 1990 act, and meeting it, not only the pollution will be decreased, but also, it will assist to keep natural resources as a sustainable capital and so, maintaining of health ecosystem (health society is a part of health ecosystem). As some companies by attention to the air pollution considerations in design and material substitution could achieve much benefits.